“Influence”:  Tolkien’s Guide to Non-Plagiarism

In glancing over the posts I have published over the last five months, it appears I have accidentally written a series on specific elements of mythology that Tolkien incorporated into his work.  No doubt there will be more of these in future (the material is vast), but I have paused to articulate how he manages … Continue reading “Influence”:  Tolkien’s Guide to Non-Plagiarism

Some Parallels Pertaining to Ravens (and Other Beasts of Battle)

Ravens appear in several places across western mythology.  They are present in folklore, such as the tale of The Seven Ravens, and in Greek myth, where they are associated with Apollo.  Ravens are prominent symbols in Norse and Germanic mythology and in Anglo-Saxon poetry, and J.R.R. Tolkien uses them for similar purposes in The Hobbit. … Continue reading Some Parallels Pertaining to Ravens (and Other Beasts of Battle)

“Reusing”:  An Anglo-Saxon Guide to Plagiarism

Long ago, before stealing another’s work for your own was blighted with the poisonous multisyllabic Latinate word plagiarism, Anglo-Saxon writers were streamlining their historical documents by pasting paragraphs from previous writers into their own work.  Later historians would exchange silent, shocked glances when they learned that their ancestors participated freely in this scandalous art.  But … Continue reading “Reusing”:  An Anglo-Saxon Guide to Plagiarism